Planting a Tree
Planting a tree is an investment in life. The growth of this investment depends on the type of tree selected and the location of the plantation, the care provided during the sowing and the follow-up care after planting. Ensuring that your new tree has a healthy start will help you mature to its fullest size and guarantee you lifelong environmental, economic and social benefits.
When to Plant
Ideally, the trees are planted during the dormant season, in the autumn after the leaves fall or in the early spring before the outbreak. The climatic conditions are cool and allow the plants to take root in the new position before the spring rains and the summer heat stimulates new superior growth. However, if they are properly cared for, it is possible to plant healthy trees or canvas and burlap containers during the growing season. In tropical and subtropical climates where trees grow from year to year round, any time is a good time to plant a tree, provided that sufficient water is available.
The balpa and burlap trees lose a significant part of their root system when they are dug in the nursery. As a result, trees commonly show what is known as “transplant shock”. Transplant shock is a state of slow growth and reduced vitality after transplantation. Container shafts can also experience a transplant shock, particularly if they have circular or twisted roots that need to be cut. Proper site preparation, careful handling to avoid further damage to the root and good follow-up care reduce transplant shock and promote faster recovery.
Steps for Planting
- Identify all underground public services before digging.
- Identify the trunk light. The light of the trunk is where the trunk expands at the base of the tree. This point should be partially visible after planting the tree.
- Dig a large, shallow hole. The holes should be 2-3 times wider than the sod but only as deep as the sod.
- Remove the containers or cut the basket. Inspect the balls from the root of the container tree to look for circular roots. Straighten them, cut them or eliminate them.
- Place the shaft at the appropriate height. Be careful to dig the hole to the correct depth and no more. If the tree is planted too deeply, the new roots will have difficulty developing due to lack of oxygen.
- Straighten the tree in the hole. Before filling, ask someone to see the tree from different directions to confirm that it is straight.
- Gently fill the hole, but firmly. Pack the soil around the base of the clod to stabilize it. Fill the rest of the hole, securely packing the soil to remove the air pockets that can dry the roots. Further reduce the airbags by periodically flushing while filling. Avoid fertilizing at the time of sowing.
- Pile the tree if necessary. Studies have shown that trees settle more quickly and develop stronger trunk and root systems if they are not staked at the time of sowing.
- Fill the base of the tree. Mulch is an organic substance that extends around the base of a tree to retain moisture, moderate extreme soil temperatures and reduce competition from weeds and weeds.
- Provide follow-up assistance. Keep the soil moist, but without water. Water the trees at least once a week, except for rain, and more frequently during hot and windy climates.
Right Tree – Right Place
Planning before planting can help ensure that the right tree is planted in the right place. Proper selection and placement of trees improves the value of the property and avoids costly maintenance and home damage. If you have further questions, contact your ISA certified arborist or tree care professional, service company, local nursery or county extension office.
Mulches are materials placed on the soil surface to maintain humidity and improve soil conditions. Quilting is one of the most beneficial acts that an owner can do for the health of a tree. However, inadequate roofing materials and practices can have a slight or even negative impact on the trees in the landscape.
Avoiding Tree and Utility Conflicts
Determining where to plant a tree is a decision that should not be taken lightly. Many factors must be considered before planting. When planning the type of tree to be planted, remember to look up and down to determine where the tree will be positioned relative to the overhead lines and service lines.
Public service airlines are easy to identify but are often overlooked. Planting tall trees under or near these lines ultimately requires your service provider to be able to prune them to maintain a safe separation of cables. This pruning can make the tree look unnatural. Periodic pruning can also lead to a shorter lifespan for the tree.
Tall trees growing close to airlines can cause service interruptions when trees come into contact with cables. Children or adults climbing on these trees may be seriously injured or even killed if they come into contact with the cables. Proper selection and placement of trees in and around public services can eliminate potential risks to public safety, reduce public service costs and their customers and improve the appearance of the landscape.
Trees are much more than what you see on the ground. Many times, the area of the root under the ground is larger than the extension of the branch. Many of the public services provided today are underground. Tree roots and underground lines often coexist without problems. However, trees planted near underground lines could damage their roots if the lines were discovered for repair.
The greatest danger for underground lines occurs during sowing. Before planting, make sure you know the location of underground public services. To ensure that you do not accidentally dig into any line and run the risk of serious injury or a costly service interruption, call the service company or utility service first. Never assume that these utility lines are buried deeper than you expect to dig.